Hybrid Space

Sounding similar to dial up Internet, the heavy-duty aluminum doors opened with the twist of a key. With no grounding, you take a step to fall into a hollow ball that transports you through a collection of spare parts and accessories. The ball is launched onto a beany surface where covered in plastic, a tiny hole near the torso makes it hard to breathe. You can look at the others pass by; you can see the shades of dark grey that create monotony. A simple ‘press me’ unlocks you and its time to set foot on the walker which locks you into a chair whilst you finish the chores of the day. As grey turns to black, its time to pack away and wait to take charge for the next day, the clock was ticking.


Sense of Sound : Sound Track ( Talk on Time)

Music Video Description

Our Song has in it the monotony and madness of Indiabulls  and how we follow a certain rhythm that we tend to overlook.We feel a sense of repetition in what we do and what we say and so blinded by this robotic time table that we don’t give it another “listen”, needless to say ,The robotics have become a part of our wiring.
We are so trained to do so certain things at a specific time that our conversations have become the same on repeat.
We have tried to show the same pattern through the other people at  indiabulls. The conversation has dulled and has lost its meaning as people do things because they are told to not because they want to.
We will be depicting this monotony through a stop motion film in which there will be doodles drawn in a notebook to show the sound.We have chosen to use a stop motion to put emphasis on the idea of robotics in our soundtrack.
Group Members – Ahilya Rajani, Niharika Mukhi, Taniya Gaba, Vritika Lalwani

Assignment 2 : Sense of Sound

Cinema and Sound

Sound is the stimulator of reality in cinema, an irreplaceable factor; it begins to set the mood in a film. Silent films were originally screened with a live orchestra; thus sound has always been recognized as an essential, setting the atmosphere, preparing or communicating things to the audience visuals can’t portray.

“A scary movie with no sound is not scary at all.”

Sound compliments visuals and acts as an auxiliary to picture. Whether it is the creaking of a door or the screeching of a car, sound adds a new dimension in the way in which you perceive something.

Sound in film makes us aware of the sounds we’re surrounded by that we usually ignore. They help us distinguish and identify distinct sounds from the chaotic “noise” we’re succumbed to everyday. We identify them, analyze them and begin to notice them far more easily.

“Silence can speak volumes.”

Movies began including dialogue since 1927, since then sound includes music, dialogue and dramatic effects, however silence continues to be an impactful part of the acoustic world. Silence in film is one of the most crucial and dramatic effects. Some of the greatest moments in cinema are without words. Silence can be eloquent and far more expressive with the increased focus on ones facial expressions and visuals.

Thus, sound has contextual and dramatic value expressed through music, dialogue and special effects, irreplaceable in film.

“A silent film is the purest way to make a film.”

The movie “ Elephant ” is based on a school shooting. Shot on a digital camera it focuses on two teenagers and how they vandalize their school. The entire movie works as a day in the life of these two boys, obviously very troubled with their mundane lives at school “ triggering ” this act.

This film has no dialogue. Throughout the film, song, effects and intertitles have introduced characters and taken them away. There are moments of action when the music gets faster and other moments of complete silence. There is a background sound and distinct sound that can’t fail to catch your attention.

At the final shooting, the two boys are seen walking through the hallway, all you can hear are the sounds of their footsteps, they enter a room with a creak in the door and one can hear the distinct sound of them loading the gun before they shoot mercilessly triggering a deafening noise followed by scared students screaming for their lives. The deafening noise repeats as they continue their massacre and the sound echoes in the viewer’s ears.

At one point in the film, all you can hear is the sound of fast paced running and crackling fire. Whether it is the sound of dripping water or the loading of a gun, the sound of chirping birds or screeching shoes, each element, so distinct, keeps the audience absolutely intrigued throughout the film. It tends to create that sense of fear, unexpectedness and surprise.

“Music in Indian cinema is unique in its cultural implications because it spells out the Indian­ness of cinema”

Sound in Indian Cinema is absolutely unique. It is an amalgamation of speech, music, song, noise and silence.

In Hollywood, “musicals” are a genre, introduced in the 1930’s as an antidote to The Great Depression it combines music and dance in film or theatre. Bollywood on the other hand, uses the same idea of song in a generic manner. Films break out into songs throughout the film. With inspiration from mythologies and epics, Bollywood uses song to express movement and change as a part of the film.

Dil Se, with its world famous “ Chhaiya Chhaiya “ was a song, shot on a moving train! Not only was this song brilliantly visualized and choreographed but also extremely well shot and directed by Mani Ratnam. The song truly takes the audience on a journey. Using song and dance, to show movement is an intelligent manner, keeping intact the attention of the audience. It also proves to be an enjoyment factor for the viewers, who eagerly wait for songs in films. Throughout the movie, there were songs with travel, whether it was people running and escaping from areas being attacked or even geographically travelling from one place to another. The audience is constantly moving with the actor, making it a more realistic experience and viewing. Here sound aids in the progress of the film, it creates the basis of the plot of the film, and it facilitates enjoyment. Lyrics in Indian Cinema are also representative of sound. Especially known all over the world for its songs, the movie Dil Se, is a perfect example of sound moving the plot in film, causing movement and connections through the scenes of the film.

Besides song, Dil Se is known well for its special effects. With a serious plot and parallel love story, Mani Ratnam is a true master of understanding sound direction in film.

“Some of the scariest movies of all time have gotten that way above all because of their skillful use of sound effects”

Horror films are scary only because of their sound effects. Watching a horror film on mute would cause no fear or anxiety of any sort. A perfect example of a horror film is “ The Conjuring “

The film is based on a family succumbed to ghostly encounters with a suspicion of a possession. There are hallucinations, instances and evidences of it throughout the film to realize the cause of it being a doll, Annabelle that resulted in the possession of the mother and triggered a series of disturbing events.

Even if you close your eyes during a horror film, the sound effects tend to create that sense of fear. With a constant sound of clapping, integrated with long pauses of silence, the viewers jolt and are terrified at the movement and sound of anything. There is also a constant humming and vibration sensed throughout the film expressing the emptiness and isolation of the house. There are distinct sounds of screaming and fear sensed on the screen creating and setting a mood of horror amongst the audience as well.

The sound effects create a setting that is deeply unsettling and absolutely disturbing. The sound of lighting a matchstick or even falling chairs makes the audiences’ heart skip a beat in fear.

Sound is an absolute necessity in cinema. It is one of those factors that aids in visual communication of a story and enhances the experience of the viewer to a large extent. Every film uses sound in distinct manners suited for them. A horror film will use sound effects far more differently as compared to an action film or even a Romantic movie. Skilful use of sound is a matter of deep understanding; silence in film creating drama is an art that has to be well understood and applied. Sound in film takes the audience to a different place, making the journey believable and the experience unforgettable.

 Experiencing Trance

“A live concert to me is exciting because of all the electricity that is generated in the crowd and on stage. It’s my favorite part of the business, live concerts.”

  • Elvis Presley

With an update of an artist coming to Mumbai, I have my tickets organized as soon as they’re out. Having the same group of friends as interested in going as me, the count down to the show begins weeks in advance. It’s not about knowing the artist whose show you’re going for, but it becomes the idea of a concert that is so exciting. As Mumbai experienced one DJ after another, revisiting the city every year, the craze only grew. I didn’t know who most of them were but I would be right in front waving my hands to their music anyway.

A concert takes you to a different place; it’s almost like this vibe around you, so alive, so energetic. Electronic Dance Music or “noise” as most people refer to it as owes its origin and popularity to Goa. This genre of music, developed over time influenced by the Hippie Movement reflected a sense of rebellion and agitation through its sound. The music as part of this rebellion, made you feel like you were a part of something, maybe a part of something larger, the same feeling you get today in a concert.

Goa with its pristine beaches is the hub of rocking parties and drugs. With people from all over the world, Goa saw the origin of Trance popularly called Psytrance. Known as the party city, Goa hosts the Sunburn festival every year with different artists from all over the world, catering to an audience usually absolutely out of their minds. With drug mafias all over the city, Goa is known to satisfy all kinds of “experiences”. Most people are of the belief that being highly intoxicated for a concert is the best way to experience it; the music begins to speak to you. Sunburn in Goa, usually propagates that belief. With a widespread range of concerts throughout the country, Sunburn began spreading this fever to cities like Mumbai. Sunburn Mumbai is one of the most looked forward to events of the year where thirty or more artists come to the city and perform for an unbelievably large audience for a span of two days.

From early afternoon to late at night, people move to the beats of established artists playing their music. Held at the racecourse, I went for the festival year before last and it was one of the better concerts I had been to. I entered the ground to see a girl falling unable to hold herself up, with all the alcohol she consumed. Dodging the sloppy walkers, we made it to each and every stall selling absurd hair-do’s, neon accessories, lighting t-shirts, before we finally made our way to the first artist playing on one side of the ground.

The setting was impeccable with bright lights, confetti and crowd, moving together, dancing to the beats. The energy was impeccable, everyone singing the same lyrics, feeling the same sense of happiness being a part of the same experience. We went there late, in good time for the artist we wanted to listen to, but in bad time to find any sober people around us. With drinks flowing everywhere and the smell of smoke in the air, we barely spotted any one in their senses. Absolutely carried away with the setting, the atmosphere, the experience, people moved side by side in absolute trance as though they were completely out of their minds, in an absolutely different world.

I was not surprised, neither overwhelmed. Having been for numerous concerts before that one, I guess it’s something you tend to just expect. It’s something that I associate with a live concert, drugs and alcohol.

Yet, the question that tends to recur in my mind is that is the feeling truly different? Why can’t we enjoy something in our senses? Do we actually have to be under the influence of a substance to be a part of something or enjoy ourselves? Is it an influence, peer pressure or merely just a need? Why have we become so dependent on not being ourselves to merely enjoy ourselves?

I say “we” because we all do it, we all drink to feel absolutely care free, to not worry at all. We all decide to drink before concerts and go there already out of our minds. Still I begin to question why I make an association of alcohol and concerts? Is it just a way of enjoyment? Or an association created with time?

The feeling of being in a concert is fabulous in terms of sound. The blaring music tends to vibrate in your ears. It’s all you can hear, all you can feel; it becomes just you and the music and causes a high in itself. EDM to some may be “noise” to others it can be enjoyable. However the craze for such music has been a recent development, something that has come back after a very long time. With its origin during the hippie movement, trance has been popularized with the performances of artists now travelling to our country in the recent years. With artists coming more than four times a year, I found myself going to concerts almost too often, I was a part of that phase, that craze- concerts, alcohol and trance.

Idea of Visual Pun : Muscle of Marines


This is an Ilustration of the idea for our visual pun.

We chose to do Muscle of Marines,we tried to depict the muscle portion in the form of flexing biceps with symbols that are related to the Marine.corps.We also kept in mind the whole idea of it looking like a dumbbell to show strength.

The People in our group are Taniya Gaba, Vritika Lalwani, Niharika Mukhi and Ahilya Rajani

Sense of Sound: Sounds of India Bulls

Sound cover

CD cover

Sound Narrative

One enters the giant glass panelled building and immediately hears the almost whisper of security as you trip through the detectors. Bags are checked with perfected pageantry until the lift echoes its arrival in the lobby. Another robotic voice blandly wishes you a good morning and silently watches—as doors slide shut— you scrambling awkwardly to scan your finger at school doors…

    Oh God not this again! you think, as you are once again delayed. Tremendously late, you hurry to class and excuse yourself, quickly joining your classmates in the task for the day. Quickly, its break time and just as you leave the stuffy halls you roll your eyes at the regular statutory warning.
You’re descending to temporary freedom, escaping into a cup of caffeine your body craved for every since the day began. You don’t want to leave but you’re running late again.
You’re back, ready to get to work, then another warning is issued. You can almost taste the freedom as the day nears its end. The brilliant cry of the metal turnstile as you stride away…the hustle of fans as they fight to take you home…oh, when can I leave!?

Vritika Lalwani

From the beginning,

bags to the checking,

it all starts with a good morning!

Eight thirty calls for apologising.

ID Cards are the new way to scare,

not having coffee bean is rare!

Banning us from having the coffee in unfair,

How they do it,without any care?

At the end of a day so drab,

all anyone wants to grab,

hopefully, is a cab!

 Ahilya Rajani

   The aim of this assignment was to record sounds that we hear in and around India bulls through the day. In spite of hearing most of these sounds everyday we tend to ignore them. This is because we are so immune to them that our brain chooses not respond to them simply because it is already registered over and over again.

Voices are the key to human interaction and play an important role in integrating the sound that we hear. As we went along recording sounds through the two buildings, we realized that, almost every voice/sound we hear has a particular time and tone that repeats. Our interaction is restricted to a specific set of people and machines. Rather people who behave like machines. We’ve come to form a monotonous pattern. Every time a button is pressed/ a beep is heard, it is supported either by somebody telling us what to do or correcting us. We live mechanical lives where each individual goes through their day in an orderly fashion.

This clipping reflects upon a casual day that passes by so casually, we don’t even stop to think about the conversations we’ve had in return damaging our memory of the people we’ve seen.

Taniya Gaba

Pattern as a part of our lives are instances we’re often accustomed or habituated to in our daily lives so much so that they become a part of our mundane routines. We tend to make visual associations far more easily as compared to sound associations, but repetition tends to educate the ear. How often do we distinctly focus on sounds we hear every single day of our lives? So accustomed to these sounds, we ignore them.

“Take it in from one ear and remove it from the other.”

This phrase, although inversely, illustrates how we tend to ignore these sounds we hear, whether it’s reaching late to class, showing our identity cards or even scanning our baggage. This mechanical routine we follow, tends to be “unheard” just as soon as it is spoken.

Mechanical and routined in its composition, sound cannot be isolated. Backed by mindless chatter, distinct repetitive voices have become deeply integrated into our daily lives in such a manner that they merge into this chatter we faintly focus on. This mechanical composition of “chatter” tends to talk on time.

Niharika Mukhi




Assignment 3



Parvati, The Hindu Goddess

The period of The Chola Dynasty (9th -13th century) is popularly known as the “Golden Age of Tamil Art”. Bronze sculptures of deities were made and worshipped, creating a relationship between humans and the divine.

The Chola Bronze statue of Parvati, the Hindu Goddess is worshipped as an individual deity as well as Shiva’s wife. Here, she is seen in a “Tribhanga” position where her head and lower body slant towards the left and her torso towards the right, forming a slight curve in her posture. Her hands, carefully placed to resemble holding a flower in one hand to a graceful dance step in the other and her legs, one bent and the other elongated, add to the poise with which she stands. She stands upon a pedestal resembling the lotus flower, slightly rigid in terms of the structure of its petals. The sculpture looks curvaceous with a slim waistline and accentuated hips and breasts in comparison.

The level of detail is breath taking. Whether it is her elongated eyes or her patterned dhoti, held up with an embellished belt, Parvati with her conical headdress looks absolutely graceful. Her expression is calm and peaceful, with a partial smile spread across her face, making her appear radiant. Her sculptures are often found around Shiva’s for obvious reasons however she tends to express a form of dance through her gesture and postures since she forms an integral part of the perception of Shiva as the Lord of the Dance.


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The Ghost Dance

When the Sun died, I went up to Heaven and saw God and all the people who had died a long time ago. God told me to come back and tell my people they must be good and love one another, and not fight, or steal or lie. He gave me this dance to give to my people.

– Wovoka

The Ghost Dance Religion started out as an attempt to revitalize the traditional culture and ethics of the Native Americans in the late nineteenth century.

The Paiute Indians with their shaman, “Wovoka” started this movement in 1870 but it only flourished in 1889 when Wovoka had a vision during the sun eclipse of the second coming of Christ and the evils of the “white men”. He also saw the restoration of power to the Native Americans and the destruction of the White man. One of the ceremonial aspects of this religion was “The Ghost Dance”. The ceremony lasted five days and occurred every six weeks where the participants danced every night and all night on its last day. The Ghost Dance served as a ray of hope for the Native Americans, overpowered by the US Government.

The dance believed in revisiting relatives who had left their bodies, it served as a means of healing to the natives.

Men and Women wore “ghost shirts”, relatively similar to each other, however different in terms of patterns and designs of the sun, moon and stars painted on it. It was not impenetrable by a bullet or weapon of any kind.

The dance itself, unlike other Native American dances didn’t have fast beats and loud drumming. Instead the natives held hands and moved in a circular direction, following the movement of the sun singing songs of the restoration of their glory. There were no instruments used for the purpose of this dance. It was said to reunite the natives, men and women with their ancestors through their movements, dance and song.


Assignment 2 : In The Mood For Love


“Feelings can creep up just like that. I thought I was in control.”

– Mr Chow


In the mood for love, a story about love that emerges between two people succumbed to similar circumstances of betrayal and loneliness. Set in Hong Kong, the movie revolves around the two protagonists, Mr Chow and Su Li-zhen. As fate would have it, both the protagonists were moving into their neighboring apartments of the same building on the very same day. Without help from their respective spouses, who used to work late hours, Mr Chow and Su were constantly succumbed to loneliness. In a crowded city, bustling with activity, the protagonists found themselves alone. Circumstances would lead them to each other in one-way or another whether it was through everyday activities or even their mutual liking and stroll to the noodle bar down the street. A repetitive image or scene of them eating alone added to the misery and solitude they were feeling and they both sought solace from the other.


“You notice things if you pay attention.”

– Su Li-zhen Chan


As their friendship grew, the protagonists became aware of their spouses infidelity. They realized that their spouses were actually seeing each other! Absolutely taken aback by their discovery, the duo decided to understand how their spouses’ relationship began by actually re-enacting their encounter and imagining the series of events leading to their relationship. Their mutual pain, anger and melancholy helped them find comfort in each other.

With the lapse of time and Chow and Su’s friendship grew stronger. Chow invites Su to write a martial arts column with him. The growing closeness between the protagonists results in questions being raised against them in society. With unwanted attention and questions raised about their connection, Chow rents a hotel room away from the city where they could work together. Before they knew it, the duo had developed strong feelings for each other. They choose not to move ahead with their relationship because of social and ethical concerns; they preferred not stooping down to the level of their spouses.

“For us to do the same thing,” they agree, “would mean we are no better than they are.”


Soon, Chow decides to move to Singapore for work and asks Su Li-zhen to join him. After a lot of hesitation and thinking, she goes to his apartment only to not find him there, she was too late. As time passes by, she decides to go visit him but is unable to talk to him, let alone meet him.

Years later when Su moves back into the apartment, she moves in with her son. As fate would have it, Chow goes to visit his landlords, the Koos only to find out that they had emigrated a couple of years ago. On inquiring further he came to realize that a young woman and her son had moved in next door. Without realizing that the young woman was Su, Chow leaves.

“They went up a mountain, found a tree, carved a hole in it, and whispered the secret into the hole. Then they covered it with mud. And leave the secret there forever”

– Mr Chow


The film ends with Mr Chow in Cambodia, where, at a ruined monastery, he whispers for some time into a hollow in a ruined wall.

The film leaves the audience with a whole lot to imagine. The film leaves a lot of unanswered questions that leaves the audience wanting more and thinking about the possibilities that might have occurred. The couple was in the mood for love, they wanted to be with each other, but circumstances kept pulling them apart. They are constantly worried about what society will think of them and how they themselves don’t ever want to stoop low to the level of their spouses. Time and Place keeps pulling them apart.

Another important factor in the film were the scenes and camera angles. The film had a wide color palette of deep shades such a browns, reds and yellows. It used deep shadows and camera angle movement to express the closeness of the apartments as well as their separation. All the shots in the film were taken from the angle of an onlooker as though someone is looking at the couple from outside a room or from another corner. This also added to the understanding of society at that time and the idea of hiding and keeping their closeness a secret. Even towards the end of the film, the camera angles moving with Chow, immerse the viewer in the film completely and leave us heart broken at the thought of their continued loneliness and their melancholic journey through love.

An interesting factor was that the cheating spouses of the protagonists were almost completely hidden and were not focused upon at all. They were either face turned or hiding behind objects leaving the focus of the film onto our romantic duo.

The movie had various shots of just the couple, not speaking almost admiring the other for minutes at a stretch, immersing the audience in their relationship even further and making the audience believe in their togetherness.

In the mood for love, a melodramatic romantic film was definitely heart breaking. We are taken through a journey of love, tested with time, place and society. Two people longing to be with each other constantly battling barriers, fail to make it together. The mannerism in the shooting of the film as well as setting of the film only added to the experience of us being a part of it. It is only because we truly felt the sense of belonging and sadness for the protagonists that we are left heart broken and wanting more at the end.

Assignment 1 : Sense of Sight

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The Rising

The two figures, rise from the ground in a rhythmic, synchronized manner. The fluidity of the form is clearly contrasting the rough texture and strokes of the charcoal. The sprinkled dust adds a sense of gentleness to the image as a whole.

The two ghost like figures appear to be evaporating upwards. The image shows a lot of movement through its strokes. The interesting aspect is the combination of gentle, fluid, firm and rough strokes, rigid but appearing to be flexible. The elongated muscular legs give these figures a definite form, adding to the sense of motion in the image itself. The ground although appearing gentle, consists of specs resembling debris.

The image that was originally a part of a tree, made in charcoal. This was a part of a wall mural. The medium was used in different ways that resulted in different finishes expressing different factors in the drawing.

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The Illusion

 This tunnel creates an illusion using its concentric circles and the play of light and shade of moving through it. It appears to me as an eye, reaching out deep connecting various nerves till the back of the brain. The concentric circles help us visualize the eye and the eyeball. The tracks, split in two is an indirect characteristic contributing to the eye like quality of this image.

The image, originally tracks lined in a tunnel, with its length and depth tend to create this perception.

The colors and light quality used add to the delicate and gentle feeling of the image as well. The rough texture on one hand is easily shadowed by the smooth surface on the other as well as the parallel lines running through.

There is also a sense of infiniteness in this image where the tunnel seems to have no end, also implying that our vision can be endless.